Monday, November 5, 2018

09-11-2018- ANDHRA PRADESH SCIENCE CONGRESS- LIFE ASSOCIATE FELLOW MEMBER AWARD

  Life Associate Fellow Member Award
  Dr. B. Siva Kumari, Dept. of Botany nominated as a Life Associate Fellow Member of Andhra Pradesh Academy of Sciences and awarded a Certificate on Fourth AP Science Congress held at Yogi Vemana University from  9th - 11th November 2018 at Kadapa 




   Dr. B. Siva Kumari, Dept. of Botany, presented a paper on In-Situ and Ex-Situ Conservation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants” in a three day Andhra Pradesh Science Congress on focal theme Integrating Science and Society for Global Sustainability” from 9th to 11th November, 2018 at Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa.

NATIONAL CHILDREN SCIENCE CONGRESS- PROJECTS
                                                        HYDROPONICS PROJECT
                                                  TRIBAL PRODUCTS

                                                          BANBOO INFLORESCENCE
                                                   PLASTER PARIS DEGRADATION

Saturday, November 3, 2018

04-11-2018- VISIT TO ALEAP-INDIA- Association of Lady Entrepreneurs of India- Exhibition

Dr. B. Siva Kumari, Dept.of Botany Andhra Loyola College invited as a Expert member to explain the importance of Organic foods and Cultivation methods by ALEAP on 4th Nov, 2018 at SeshaSai Kalyana Mandapam, Vijayawada. 


03-11-2018- II B,SC BOTANY SYLLABYS

II  B. Sc - SEMESTER- IV THEORY: BOTANY SYLLABUS 

     PAPER – DSC IIB: Plant Physiology and Metabolism

            Total hours of teaching 60 hrs @ 4 hrs per week

 UNIT – I: Plant – Water relations                                                                                        (12 hrs)

1.  Physical properties of water, Importance of water to plant life.

2.  Diffusion, imbibition and osmosis; concept & components of water potential.
3.  Absorption and transport of water and ascent of sap.

            4. Transpiration –Definition, types of transpiration, structure and mechanism of
                opening and closing of stomata.

UNIT –II: Mineral nutrition & Enzymes                                                                                (12hrs)

1.      Mineral Nutrition: Essential elements (macro and micronutrients) and their role in plant metabolism, deficiency symptoms.

2.  Mineral ion uptake (active and passive transport).

3.    Nitrogen metabolism- biological nitrogen fixation in Rhizobium, Outlines of protein synthesis (transcription and translation).

4.  Enzymes: Definition, General characteristics, mechanism of enzyme action and
factors regulating enzyme action.

UNIT –III: PHOTOSYNTHESIS                                                                                             (12 hrs)

1.  Photosynthesis: Photosynthetic pigments, photosynthetic light reactions, photo-

phosphorylation, carbon assimilation pathways: C3, C4, and CAM (brief account)
2.  Photorespiration and its significance.

3.  Translocation of organic solutes: mechanism of phloem transport, source-sink relationships.

UNIT – IV: PLANT METABOLISM                                                                                     (12 hrs)

1.      Respiration: Definition, Types of respiration, Glycolysis, anaerobic respiration, TCA cycle, electron transport system. Mechanism of oxidative phosphorylation.

2.      Lipid Metabolism: Types of lipids, Beta-oxidation.

UNIT –V: GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT                                                                       (12hrs)

1.    Growth and development: definition, phases and kinetics of growth.

2.  Physiological effects of phytohormones - Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinins, ABA, Ethylene and Brassinosteroids.

3.      Physiology of flowering - photoperiodism, role of phytochrome in flowering; Vernalization.

4.  Physiology of Senescence and Ageing.

Friday, November 2, 2018

02-11-2018- CLUSTER SYLLABUS


III B. Sc - BOTANY SYLLABUS SEMESTER- VI THEORY [CLUSTER ELECTIVE -3]

Paper VIII-A-3 -Theory: Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry

Total hours of teaching 60hrs @ 3hrs per week


Unit-I: Pharmacognosy                                                                                (12hrs)

1.     Pharmacognosy:

a)      Definition, Importance, types, Classification of drugs – Chemical and Pharmacological and Taxonomical methods
2.       Brief account of Drug evaluation methods:
a)      Morphological,  chemical, analytical and biological methods
Unit –II: Organoleptic and Microscopic Studies:                                      (12hrs)

           Organoleptic and microscopic studies with reference to nature of active principles
           and common adulterants of:
a)     Azaridecta indica (bark),
b)     Adhatoda vasica(leaf),
c)       Strychnos  nuxvomica (seed),
d)     Rauwolfia serpentina(root)
e)       Zinziber officinalis
f)       Catharanthus  roseus.
Unit-III: Secondary Metabolites:                                                               (12hrs)

1.      a)Definition of primary and secondary metabolites and their differences.
b) Major types of secondary metabolites- alkaloids, phenolics, terpenes, terpenoids,   and Steroids- (Brief account only)

2.      a) Origin of secondary metabolites, a brief account of extraction of   alkaloids.
b)  Biosynthesis of alkaloids- acetate pathway, mevalonate pathway,   
     shikimate pathway.

     UNIT-IV: Phytochemistry:      (12hrs)                                                                                           

Biosynthesis and sources of drugs:

1.          Phenols-
a)      structural types,
b)     Simple phenolic compounds - Tannins, anthraquinones, coumarins and  
     furanocoumarins,-
c)      Complex phenolic compounds- Flavonoids, anthocyanins, betacyanins, 
         isoflavonoids phenolic glycosides-  stilbenes
d)      lignins and lignans.
2.          Steroids:
a)      Definition, biological significance
b)      brief account of  sterols, saponins, withanolides, ecdysones, Cucurbitacins
3.                  Alkaloids: Different groups and their bioactivity.
4.                 Volatile oils,
5.                 Aromatherapy.

     UNIT-V: Enzymes, proteins and amino acids as drugs: (12hrs)                                         

1.      a) Definition, importance and types of Vaccines, toxins and toxoids brief account
b) Definition, importance and types of antitoxins, immuno globulins and antiserums   
    in brief.
2.      a) Vitamins: Definition, types and mode of action
   b) Antibiotics – definition, chemical nature, mode of action.

3.     Pharmacological action of plant drugs
a)      Definition, importance and source of tumor inhibitors, PAF antagonists
b)     Definition, importance and source of antioxidants, phytoestrogens
And Enzyme inhibitors